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What is ultrasound?

Ultrasound is a diagnostic imaging procedure that provides visibility of the organs and soft structures within the body. High-frequency sound waves are emitted by a transducer that captures the echo of different amplitudes which occurs when bouncing off the organs. These signals, when processed by a computer, provide a series of images of the tissues being examined. Today, ultrasounds can be 2-, 3- or 4-dimensional images. A non-invasive technique which does not use radiation, ultrasound can be safely used to visualise pelvic organs – including the womb and ovaries – as well as the developing foetus in pregnant women.

I am an expert in gynaecology ultrasound, performing scans for most gynaecological conditions in my one-stop clinic. The results are available immediately, reducing delays in treatment. Complex 3D scans for uterine abnormalities such as septum are also available in my clinic.

-Ultrasound imaging, ultrasound scanning or sonography

What is a pelvic scan looking for?

Our advanced gynaecology Pelvic ultrasound scan will visualise the vagina, bladder, bowel, cervix, uterus and ovaries.
As gynaecology ultrasound expert, I utilise the latest ultrasound imaging techniques for detailed gynaecology assessment in the clinic, with results immediately available. This incudes 2D and 3D ultrasound as well as saline infusion sonography for detailed assessment of the womb. HyCoSy procedure where required will assess fallopian tubes to assess if open or possibly blocked.
Advanced 3D ultrasound will visualise the structure of the womb to determine if uterine abnormalities such as a septum, bicornuate uterus etc are present.

Private ultrasound/private early pregnancy scan

Our private pregnancy scan is performed by an expert gynaecologist using the latest 2D and 3D ultrasound technology.
Results are available immediately. Pregnancy and medical advice are provided at the same appointment.
What can an early pregnancy ultrasound detect?
In our expert hands, utilising the latest 2 and 3D ultrasound technology, we can assess the developing pregnancy from as early as 4 weeks and 3-5 days gestation (3-5 days after the first positive pregnancy test).
The structures we can visualise will depend on the stage of the pregnancy and how well it is developing. In a normally developing pregnancy we should expect the following milestones at the following weeks of pregnancy:

  • 4 weeks and 3-5 days (3-5 days after a positive pregnancy test): A small, early pregnancy sac is visible.
    If this is within the womb cavity it provides reassurance that it is not an ectopic pregnancy.
  • 5 -6 weeks pregnancy: Intrauterine cavity gestation sac and within it, a yolk sac.
  • 6-7 weeks pregnancy: A foetal pole appears next to the yolk sac with a heartbeat
  • 7-8 weeks pregnancy: Foetal pole is 11-16mm
  • 8-9 weeks pregnancy: Foetal pole is between 17-23mm, limb buds appear, and head is separate from the body
  • 9-10 weeks pregnancy: Foetal pole is between 23-32mm. Foetal limbs are developed and foetal movement can be seen

How does an ultrasound work? Is it safe for my pregnancy?

Ultrasound is very safe in pregnancy. Very good safety studies have confirmed that there is no harm to a developing foetus even with very early ultrasound scans.

Ultrasound does not use any form of radiation. It utilises very high frequency sound. The sound is sent into the bode and bounces back, from the pelvic structures, including the developing pregnancy as a sound echo. The sound echo is then developed by the ultrasound scan machine computer as an image on the monitor.

For more information about how we can help you with your scan, visit our Early Ultrasound and Care Package.


David Ogutu

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